Testing production scenarios for (anti-)(hyper-)nuclei and exotica at energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

Bellini, Francesca (European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), 1211 Geneva, Switzerland) ; Kalweit, Alexander P. (European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), 1211 Geneva, Switzerland)

28 May 2019

Abstract: We present a detailed comparison of coalescence and thermal-statistical models for the production of (anti-) (hyper-)nuclei in high-energy collisions. For the first time, such a study is carried out as a function of the size of the object relative to the size of the particle emitting source. Our study reveals large differences between the two scenarios for the production of objects with extended wave functions. While both models give similar predictions and show similar agreement with experimental data for (anti-)deuterons and (anti-)He3 nuclei, they largely differ in their description of (anti-)hypertriton production. We propose to address experimentally the comparison of the production models by measuring the coalescence parameter systematically for different (anti-)(hyper-)nuclei in different collision systems and differentially in multiplicity. Such measurements are feasible with the current and upgraded Large Hadron Collider experiments. Our findings highlight the unique potential of ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions as a laboratory to clarify the internal structure of exotic QCD objects and can serve as a basis for more refined calculations in the future.

Published in: Physical Review C 99 (2019)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.99.054905
arXiv: 1807.05894
License: CC-BY-4.0

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