Measuring the mass, width, and couplings of semi-invisible resonances with the matrix element method

Betancur, Amalia (Grupo Física Teórica y Aplicada, Universidad EIA, A.A. 7516, Medellín, Colombia) (Instituto de Física, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 70 No. 52-21, Medellín, Colombia) ; Debnath, Dipsikha (Physics Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA) ; Gainer, James S. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA) ; Matchev, Konstantin T. (Physics Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA) ; Shyamsundar, Prasanth (Physics Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA)

11 June 2019

Abstract: We demonstrate the use of the matrix element method (MEM) for the measurement of masses, widths, and couplings in the case of single or pair production of semi-invisibly decaying resonances. For definiteness, we consider the two-body decay of a generic resonance to a visible particle from the Standard Model (SM) and a massive invisible particle. It is well known that the mass difference can be extracted from the endpoint of a transverse kinematic variable like the transverse mass, MT, or the Cambridge MT2 variable, but measuring the overall mass scale is a very difficult problem. We show that the MEM can be used to obtain not only the absolute mass scale, but also the width of the resonance and the tensor structure of its couplings. Apart from new physics searches, our results can be readily applied to the case of SM W boson production at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC), where one can repeat the measurements of the W properties in a general and model-independent framework.

Published in: Physical Review D 99 (2019)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.116007
License: CC-BY-4.0

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