Lorentz contracted proton

Bedoya Fierro, D. (Dept. de Fisica, Universidad de los Andes, Cra. 1E No. 18A-10, Santafe de Bogota, Colombia) ; Kelkar, N. (Dept. de Fisica, Universidad de los Andes, Cra. 1E No. 18A-10, Santafe de Bogota, Colombia) ; Nowakowski, M. (Dept. de Fisica, Universidad de los Andes, Cra. 1E No. 18A-10, Santafe de Bogota, Colombia)

02 October 2015

Abstract: The proton charge and magnetization density distributions can be related to the well known Sachs electromagnetic form factors G E , M ( q 2 ) through Fourier transforms, only in the Breit frame. The Breit frame however moves with relativistic velocities in the Lab and a Lorentz boost must be applied before extracting the static properties of the proton from the corresponding densities. Apart from this, the Fourier transform relating the densities and form factors is inherently a non-relativistic expression. We show that the relativistic corrections to it can be obtained by extending the standard Breit equation to higher orders in its 1 /c 2 expansion. We find that the inclusion of the above corrections reduces the size of the proton as determined from electron proton scattering data by about 4%.


Published in: JHEP 1509 (2015) 215
Published by: Springer/SISSA
DOI: 10.1007/JHEP09(2015)215
arXiv: 1410.4228
License: CC-BY-4.0



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