QCD corrections to vector boson pair production in gluon fusion including interference effects with off-shell Higgs at the LHC

Caola, Fabrizio (CERN Theory Division, Geneva 23, CH-1211, Switzerland) ; Dowling, Matthew (Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany) ; Melnikov, Kirill (Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany) ; Röntsch, Raoul (Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany) ; Tancredi, Lorenzo (Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics, KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany)

21 July 2016

Abstract: We compute next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections to the production of two massive electroweak bosons in gluon fusion. We consider both the prompt production process gg → V V and the production mediated by an exchange of an s -channel Higgs boson, gg → H ∗ → V V . We include final states with both on- and off-shell vector bosons with leptonic decays. The gluonic production of vector bosons is a loop-induced process, including both massless and massive quarks in the loop. For gg → ZZ production, we obtain the NLO QCD corrections to the massive loops through an expansion around the heavy top limit. This approximation is valid below the top production threshold, giving a broad range of invariant masses between the Higgs production and the top production thresholds in which our results are valid. We explore the NLO QCD effects in gg → ZZ focusing, in particular, on the interference between prompt and Higgs-mediated processes. We find that the QCD corrections to the interference are large and similar in size to the corrections to both the signal and the background processes. At the same time, we observe that corrections to the interference change rapidly with the four-lepton invariant mass in the region around the ZZ production threshold. We also study the interference effects in gg → W + W − production where, due to technical limitations, we only consider contributions of massless loops. We find that the QCD corrections to the interference in this case are somewhat larger than those for either the signal or the background.


Published in: JHEP 1607 (2016) 087
Published by: Springer/SISSA
DOI: 10.1007/JHEP07(2016)087
arXiv: 1605.04610
License: CC-BY-4.0



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