Finite entanglement entropy and spectral dimension in quantum gravity

Arzano, Michele (Dipartimento di Fisica and INFN, “Sapienza” University of Rome, P.le A. Moro 2, 00185, Rome, Italy) ; Calcagni, Gianluca (Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, 0000 0004 1795 0686, Serrano 121, 28006, Madrid, Spain)

07 December 2017

Abstract: What are the conditions on a field theoretic model leading to a finite entanglement entropy density? We prove two very general results: (1) Ultraviolet finiteness of a theory does not guarantee finiteness of the entropy density; (2) If the spectral dimension of the spatial boundary across which the entropy is calculated is non-negative at all scales, then the entanglement entropy cannot be finite. These conclusions, which we verify in several examples, negatively affect all quantum-gravity models, since their spectral dimension is always positive. Possible ways out are considered, including abandoning the definition of the entanglement entropy in terms of the boundary return probability or admitting an analytic continuation (not a regularization) of the usual definition. In the second case, one can get a finite entanglement entropy density in multi-fractional theories and causal dynamical triangulations.

Published in: EPJC 77 (2017) 835
Published by: Springer/Società Italiana di Fisica
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5393-5
License: CC-BY-3.0

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