Free energy of a heavy quark-antiquark pair in a thermal medium from AdS/CFT

Ewerz, Carlo (0000 0001 2190 4373, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, D-69120, Heidelberg, Germany) (0000 0000 9127 4365, ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Planckstraße 1, D-64291, Darmstadt, Germany) (0000 0004 1936 9721, Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Straße 1, D-60438, Frankfurt, Germany) ; Kaczmarek, Olaf (0000 0001 0944 9128, Fakultät für Physik, Universität Bielefeld, D-33615, Bielefeld, Germany) ; Samberg, Andreas (0000 0001 2190 4373, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, D-69120, Heidelberg, Germany) (0000 0000 9127 4365, ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI, GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Planckstraße 1, D-64291, Darmstadt, Germany)

15 March 2018

Abstract: We study the free energy of a heavy quark-antiquark pair in a thermal medium using the AdS/CFT correspondence. We point out that a commonly used prescription for calculating this quantity leads to a temperature dependence in conflict with general properties of the free energy. The problem originates from a particular way of subtracting divergences. We argue that the commonly used prescription gives rise to the binding energy rather than the free energy. We consider a different subtraction procedure and show that the resulting free energy is well-behaved and in qualitative agreement with results from lattice QCD. The free energy and the binding energy of the quark pair are computed for N = 4 $$ \mathcal{N}=4 $$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and several non-conformal theories. We also calculate the entropy and the internal energy of the pair in these theories. Using the consistent subtraction, we further study the free energy, entropy, and internal energy of a single heavy quark in the thermal medium for various theories. Also here the results are found to be in qualitative agreement with lattice QCD results.


Published in: JHEP 1803 (2018) 088
Published by: Springer/SISSA
DOI: 10.1007/JHEP03(2018)088
arXiv: 1605.07181
License: CC-BY-4.0



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