NΩ interaction: Meson exchanges, inelastic channels, and quasibound state

Sekihara, Takayasu (Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan) ; Kamiya, Yuki (Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) ; Hyodo, Tetsuo (Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan)

18 July 2018

Abstract: Based on a baryon-baryon interaction model with meson exchanges, we investigate the origin of the strong attraction in the NΩ(S25) interaction, which was indicated by recent lattice QCD simulations. The long-range part of the potential is constructed by the conventional mechanisms, the exchanges of the η meson and of the correlated two mesons in the scalar-isoscalar channel, denoted by “σ” in the literature. The short-range part is represented by the contact interaction. We find that the meson exchanges do not provide sufficient attraction. This means that most of the attraction is attributed to the short-range contact interaction. We then evaluate the effect of the coupled channels to the NΩ(S25) interaction. We find that, while the D-wave mixing of the NΩ channel is negligible, the inelastic ΛΞ, ΣΞ, and ΛΞ(1530) channels via the K meson exchange give the attraction of the NΩ(S25) interaction to the same level with the elastic meson exchanges. Although the elimination of these channels induces the energy dependence of the single-channel NΩ interaction, this effect is not significant. With the present model parameters fit to reproduce the scattering length of the HAL QCD result of the nearly physical quark masses, we obtain the NΩ(S25) quasibound state with its eigenenergy 2611.30.7iMeV, which corresponds to the binding energy 0.1MeV and width 1.5MeV for the decay to the ΛΞ and ΣΞ channels. From the analysis of the spatial structure and the compositeness, the quasibound state is shown to be the molecular state of NΩ. We also construct an equivalent local potential for the NΩ(S25) system which is useful for various applications.

Published in: Physical Review C 98 (2018)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.98.015205
arXiv: 1805.04024
License: CC-BY-4.0

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