Quasi-normal modes of a natural AdS wormhole in Einstein–Born–Infeld Gravity

Kim, Jin Young (Aff1, 0000 0000 9885 6632, Department of Physics, Kunsan National University, 54150, Kunsan, Korea) ; Lee, Chong Oh (Aff1, 0000 0000 9885 6632, Department of Physics, Kunsan National University, 54150, Kunsan, Korea) ; Park, Mu-In (Aff2, 0000 0001 0286 5954, Research Institute for Basic Science, Sogang University, 121-742, Seoul, Korea)

03 December 2018

Abstract: We study the matter perturbations of a new AdS wormhole in (3+1) -dimensional Einstein–Born–Infeld gravity, called “natural wormhole”, which does not require exotic matters. We discuss the stability of the perturbations by numerically computing the quasi-normal modes (QNMs) of a massive scalar field in the wormhole background. We investigate the dependence of quasi-normal frequencies on the mass of scalar field as well as other parameters of the wormhole. It is found that the perturbations are always stable for the wormhole geometry which has the general relativity (GR) limit when the scalar field mass m satisfies a certain, tachyonic mass bound m2>m∗2 with m∗2<0 , analogous to the Breitenlohner-Freedman (BF) bound in the global-AdS space, mBF2=3Λ/4 . It is also found that the BF-like bound m∗2 shifts by the changes of the cosmological constant Λ or angular-momentum number l , with a level crossing between the lowest complex and pure-imaginary modes for zero angular momentum l=0 . Furthermore, it is found that the unstable modes can also have oscillatory parts as well as non-oscillatory parts depending on whether the real and imaginary parts of frequencies are dependent on each other or not , contrary to arguments in the literature. For wormhole geometries which do not have the GR limit, the BF-like bound does not occur and the perturbations are stable for arbitrary tachyonic and non-tachyonic masses, up to a critical mass mc2>0 where the perturbations are completely frozen.

Published in: EPJC 78 (2018) 990
Published by: Springer/Società Italiana di Fisica
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-6478-5
License: CC-BY-3.0

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