Closed string symmetries in open string field theory: tachyon vacuum as sine-square deformation

Kishimoto, Isao (Faculty of Education, Niigata University, Niigata 950-2181, Japan) ; Kitade, Tomomi (Department of Physics, Nara Women’s University, Nara 630-8506, Japan) ; Takahashi, Tomohiko (Department of Physics, Nara Women’s University, Nara 630-8506, Japan)

27 December 2018

Abstract: We revisit the identity-based solutions for tachyon condensation in open bosonic string field theory (SFT) from the viewpoint of the sine-square deformation (SSD). The string Hamiltonian derived from the simplest solution includes the sine-square factor, which is the same as that of an open system with SSD in the context of condensed matter physics. We show that the open string system with SSD or its generalization exhibits decoupling of the left and right moving modes and so it behaves like a system with a periodic boundary condition. With a method developed by Ishibashi and Tada [N. Ishibashi and T. Tada, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 31 , 1650170 (2016) [arXiv:1602.01190 [hep-th]]], we construct pairs of Virasoro generators in this system, which represent symmetries for a closed string system. Moreover, we find that the modified BRST operator in the open SFT at the identity-based tachyon vacuum decomposes to holomorphic and antiholomorphic parts, and these reflect closed string symmetries in the open SFT. On the basis of SSD and these decomposed operators, we construct holomorphic and antiholomorphic continuous Virasoro algebras at the tachyon vacuum. These results imply that it is possible to formulate a pure closed string theory in terms of the open SFT at the identity-based tachyon vacuum.

Published in: PTEP 2018 (2018) 123B04
Published by: Oxford University Press/Physical Society of Japan
DOI: 10.1093/ptep/pty125
arXiv: 1809.01885
License: CC-BY-3.0

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