Models of Anisotropic Self-Gravitating Source in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity

Abbas, G.  (Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur-63100, Pakistan) ; Tahir, M. (Department of Mathematics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur-63100, Pakistan)

27 December 2018

Abstract: In this paper, we have studied gravitational collapse and expansion of nonstatic anisotropic fluid in 5D Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity. For this purpose, the field equations have been modeled and evaluated for the given source and geometry. The two metric functions have been expressed in terms of parametric form of third metric function. We have examined the range of parameter β (appearing in the form of metric functions) for which Θ , the expansion scalar, becoming positive/negative leads to expansion/collapse of the source. The trapped surface condition has been explored by using definition of Misner-Sharp mass and auxiliary solutions. The auxiliary solutions of the field equations involve a single function that generates two types of anisotropic solutions. Each solution can be represented in term of arbitrary function of time; this function has been chosen arbitrarily to fit the different astrophysical time profiles. The existing solutions forecast gravitational expansion and collapse depending on the choice of initial data. In this case, wall to wall collapse of spherical source has been investigated. The dynamics of the spherical source have been observed graphically with the effects of Gauss-Bonnet coupling term α in the case of collapse and expansion. The energy conditions are satisfied for the specific values of parameters in both solutions; this implies that the solutions are physically acceptable.

Published in: Advances in High Energy Physics 2018 (2018) 7420546
Published by: Hindawi
DOI: 10.1155/2018/7420546
arXiv: 1811.00382v2
License: CC-BY-3.0

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