The fractional angular momentum realized by a neutral cold atom

Jing, Jian (Aff1, 0000 0000 9931 8406, Department of Physics and Electronic, School of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, 100029, Beijing, People’s Republic of China) ; Zhang, Qiu-Yue (Aff1, 0000 0000 9931 8406, Department of Physics and Electronic, School of Science, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, 100029, Beijing, People’s Republic of China) ; Wang, Qing (Aff2, 0000 0000 9544 7024, College of Physics and Technology, Xinjiang University, 830046, Urumqi, People’s Republic of China) ; Long, Zheng-Wen (Aff3, 0000 0004 1804 268X, Department of Physics, GuiZhou University, 550025, Guiyang, People’s Republic of China) ; Dong, Shi-Hai (Aff4, 0000 0001 2165 8782, Laboratorio de Información Cuántica, CIDETEC, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, UPALM, 07700, Mexico City, Mexico)

03 January 2019

Abstract: Inspired by the electromagnetic duality, we propose an approach to realize the fractional angular momentum by using a cold atom which possesses a permanent magnetic dipole momentum. This atom interacts with two electric fields and is trapped by a harmonic potential which enable the motion of the atom to be planar and rotationally symmetric. We show that eigenvalues of the canonical angular momentum of the cold atom can take fractional values when the atom is cooled down to its lowest kinetic energy level. The fractional part of canonical angular momentum is dual to that of the fractional angular momenta realized by using a charged particle. Another approach of getting the fractional angular momentum is also presented. The differences between these two approaches are investigated.


Published in: EPJC 79 (2019) 1
Published by: Springer/Società Italiana di Fisica
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-018-6506-5
License: CC-BY-3.0



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