Ghost-free Palatini derivative scalar–tensor theory: Desingularization and the speed test

Gal'tsov, Dmitri (Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119899, Russia) (Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420008, Russia) ; Zhidkova, Sophia (Faculty of Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119899, Russia)

04 February 2019

Abstract: We disclose remarkable features of the scalar–tensor theory with the derivative coupling of the scalar field to the curvature in the Palatini formalism. Using disformal transformations, we show that this theory is free from Ostrogradski ghosts. For a special relation between two coupling constants, it is disformally dual to the Einstein gravity minimally coupled to the scalar, which opens the way to constructing several exact solutions. The disformal transformation degenerates at the boundary of the physical region, near which the desingularization properties are revealed, illustrated by exact solutions: non-singular accelerating cosmology and a static spherically symmetric geon. We also construct the exact pp-waves of this theory propagating at the speed of light.

Published in: Physics letters B 790 (2019) 453-457
Published by: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2019.01.061
License: CC-BY-3.0

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