Infrared massive gluon propagator from a BRST-invariant Gribov horizon in a family of covariant gauges

Mintz, Bruno W. (UERJ-Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil) ; Palhares, Leticia F. (UERJ-Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil) ; Peruzzo, Giovani (UERJ-Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil) ; Sorella, Silvio P. (UERJ-Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Física Teórica, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-013 Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)

11 February 2019

Abstract: A distinctive feature observed in lattice simulations of confining non-Abelian gauge theories, such as quantum chromodynamics, is the presence of a dynamical mass for the gauge field in the low-energy regime of the theory. In the Gribov-Zwanziger framework in the Landau gauge, such mass is a consequence of the generation of the dimension-two condensates AμaAμa and φ¯μabφμabω¯μabωμab, where A is the gluon field and the fields φ¯, φ, ω¯, and ω are Zwanziger’s auxiliary fields. In this work, we show that, in the recently developed BRST-invariant version of the refined Gribov-Zwanziger theory, these condensates can be introduced in a BRST-invariant way for a family of Rξ gauges. Their values are explicitly computed to first order and turn out to be independent of the gauge parameters contained in the gauge-fixing condition, as expected from the BRST invariance of the formulation. This fact supports the possibility of a gauge-parameter independent nonzero infrared gluon mass, whose value is the same as the one in the Landau gauge.


Published in: Physical Review D 99 (2019)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.034002
arXiv: 1812.03166
License: CC-BY-4.0



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