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Home > Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (OUP/JPS) > Path integrals of the vector field: Covariance of a path integral |

Sakoda, Seiji (Department of Applied Physics, National Defense Academy, Hashirimizu, Yokosuka City, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan)

28 February 2019

**Abstract: ** On the basis of the canonical quantization procedure of a system defined on a cubic lattice, we propose a new method, in which resolutions of unity expressed in terms of eigenvectors are naturally provided, to find eigenvectors of field operators. By making use of fundamental ingredients thus obtained, we derive time-sliced path integral formulae for a massive vector field accompanied by a scalar field. Due to the indefinite metric of the Hilbert space upon which we define field operators, the action that appears in the path integral looks quite different from the classical one. Nevertheless, we will find that the effective action defined by introducing external sources results in the original action. By taking the effective action as the basis of consideration, we study the proper meaning of the covariance of a path integral.

**Published in: ****PTEP 2019 (2019) 023B03**
**Published by: **Oxford University Press/Physical Society of Japan

**DOI: **10.1093/ptep/ptz004

**arXiv: **1812.10243

**License: **CC-BY-3.0