Low energy spectrum of SU(2) lattice gauge theory

Raychowdhury, Indrakshi (Aff1, 0000 0001 1093 3582, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, 2A & 2B Raja SC Mullick Road, 700032, Jadavpur, Kolkata, India)

14 March 2019

Abstract: Prepotential formulation of gauge theories on honeycomb lattice yields local loop states, which are exact and orthonormal being free from any spurious loop degrees of freedom. We illustrate that, the dynamics of orthonormal loop states are exactly same in both the square and honeycomb lattices. We further extend this construction to arbitrary dimensions. Utilizing this result, we make a mean field ansatz for loop configurations for SU(2) lattice gauge theory in 2+1 dimension contributing to the low energy sector of the spectrum. Using variational analysis, we show that, this type of mean loop configurations has two distinct phases in the strong and weak coupling regime and shows a first order transition at g=1 . We also propose a reduced Hamiltonian to describe the dynamics of the theory within the mean field ansatz. We further work with the mean loop configuration obtained towards the weak coupling limit and analytically calculate the spectrum of the reduced Hamiltonian. The spectrum matches with that of the existing literature in this regime, establishing our ansatz to be a valid alternate one which is far more easier to handle for computation.

Published in: EPJC 79 (2019) 235
Published by: Springer/Società Italiana di Fisica
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-6753-0
License: CC-BY-3.0

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