Lie symmetries of nonrelativistic and relativistic motions

Batlle, Carles (Departament de Matemàtiques and IOC, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya EPSEVG, Avenida V. Balaguer 1, E-08808 Vilanova i la Geltrú, Spain) ; Gomis, Joaquim (Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica and Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain) ; Ray, Sourya (Instituto de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas, Universidad Austral de Chile, 5090000 Valdivia, Chile) ; Zanelli, Jorge (Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECs), Avenida Arturo Prat 514, 5110466 Valdivia, Chile)

15 March 2019

Abstract: We study the Lie symmetries of nonrelativistic and relativistic higher order constant motions in d spatial dimensions, i.e., constant acceleration, constant rate-of-change-of-acceleration (constant jerk), and so on. In the nonrelativistic case, these symmetries contain the z=2N Galilean conformal transformations, where N is the order of the differential equation that defines the constant motion. The dimension of this group grows with N. In the relativistic case the vanishing of the (d+1)-dimensional spacetime relativistic acceleration, jerk, snap, …, is equivalent, in each case, to the vanishing of a d-dimensional spatial vector. These vectors are the d-dimensional nonrelativistic ones plus additional terms that guarantee the relativistic transformation properties of the corresponding (d+1)-dimensional vectors. In the case of acceleration there are no corrections, which implies that the Lie symmetries of zero acceleration motions are the same in the nonrelativistic and relativistic cases. The number of Lie symmetries that are obtained in the relativistic case does not increase from the four-derivative order (zero relativistic snap) onwards. We also deduce a recurrence relation for the spatial vectors that in the relativistic case characterize the constant motions.


Published in: Physical Review D 99 (2019)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.064015
License: CC-BY-4.0



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