Permutation invariant Gaussian matrix models

Ramgoolam, Sanjaye (Centre for Research in String Theory, School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, Mile End Road, London, E1 4NS, UK) (National Institute for Theoretical Physics, School of Physics, Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits, 2050, South Africa)

27 June 2019

Abstract: Permutation invariant Gaussian matrix models were recently developed for applications in computational linguistics. A 5-parameter family of models was solved. In this paper, we use a representation theoretic approach to solve the general 13-parameter Gaussian model, which can be viewed as a zero-dimensional quantum field theory. We express the two linear and eleven quadratic terms in the action in terms of representation theoretic parameters. These parameters are coefficients of simple quadratic expressions in terms of appropriate linear combinations of the matrix variables transforming in specific irreducible representations of the symmetric group SD where D is the size of the matrices. They allow the identification of constraints which ensure a convergent Gaussian measure and well-defined expectation values for polynomial functions of the random matrix at all orders. A graph-theoretic interpretation is known to allow the enumeration of permutation invariants of matrices at linear, quadratic and higher orders. We express the expectation values of all the quadratic graph-basis invariants and a selection of cubic and quartic invariants in terms of the representation theoretic parameters of the model.

Published in: Nuclear Physics B 945 (2019) DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2019.114682
License: CC-BY-3.0

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