Convergence of the Gradient Expansion in Hydrodynamics

Grozdanov, Sašo (Center for Theoretical Physics, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA) ; Kovtun, Pavel K. (Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, British Columbia, V8W 2Y2, Canada) ; Starinets, Andrei O. (Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Clarendon Lab, Oxford, OX1 3PU, United Kingdom) ; Tadić, Petar (School of Mathematics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, D02 W272, Ireland)

28 June 2019

Abstract: Hydrodynamic excitations corresponding to sound and shear modes in fluids are characterized by gapless dispersion relations. In the hydrodynamic gradient expansion, their frequencies are represented by power series in spatial momenta. We investigate the analytic structure and convergence properties of the hydrodynamic series by studying the associated spectral curve in the space of complexified frequency and complexified spatial momentum. For the strongly coupled N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma, we use the holographic duality methods to demonstrate that the derivative expansions have finite nonzero radii of convergence. Obstruction to the convergence of hydrodynamic series arises from level crossings in the quasinormal spectrum at complex momenta.

Published in: Physical Review Letters 122 (2019)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.251601
License: CC-BY-4.0

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