Beam Energy and Centrality Dependence of Direct-Photon Emission from Ultrarelativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions

Adare, A. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Afanasiev, S. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Aidala, C. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-9337, USA) (Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1040, USA) ; Ajitanand, N. N. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Akiba, Y. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Akimoto, R. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Al-Bataineh, H. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Alexander, J. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Alfred, M. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA) ; Al-Jamel, A. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Al-Ta’ani, H. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Angerami, A. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Aoki, K. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Apadula, N. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Aphecetche, L. (SUBATECH (Ecole des Mines de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Université de Nantes), BP 20722-44307 Nantes, France) ; Aramaki, Y. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Armendariz, R. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Aronson, S. H. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Asai, J. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Asano, H. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Aschenauer, E. C. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Atomssa, E. T. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Averbeck, R. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Awes, T. C. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Azmoun, B. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Babintsev, V. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Bagoly, A. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) ; Bai, M. (Collider-Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Baksay, G. (Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901, USA) ; Baksay, L. (Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901, USA) ; Baldisseri, A. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Bannier, B. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Barish, K. N. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Barnes, P. D. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Bassalleck, B. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) ; Basye, A. T. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Bathe, S. (Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, New York 10010, USA) (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Batsouli, S. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Baublis, V. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Bauer, F. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Baumann, C. (Institut für Kernphysik, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany) ; Baumgart, S. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Bazilevsky, A. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Belikov, S. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Belmont, R. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Bennett, R. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Berdnikov, A. (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia) ; Berdnikov, Y. (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia) ; Bhom, J. H. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Bickley, A. A. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Bjorndal, M. T. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Blau, D. S. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) (National Research Nuclear University, MEPhI, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow 115409, Russia) ; Boer, M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Boissevain, J. G. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Bok, J. S. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Borel, H. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Boyle, K. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Brooks, M. L. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Brown, D. S. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Bryslawskyj, J. (Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, New York 10010, USA) (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Bucher, D. (Institut für Kernphysik, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany) ; Buesching, H. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Bumazhnov, V. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Bunce, G. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Burward-Hoy, J. M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Butsyk, S. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Camacho, C. M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Campbell, S. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Canoa Roman, V. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Caringi, A. (Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18104-5586, USA) ; Castera, P. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Chai, J.S. (KAERI, Cyclotron Application Laboratory, Seoul 34057, Korea) (Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea) ; Chang, B. S. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Chang, W. C. (Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan) ; Charvet, J.L. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Chen, C.H. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Chernichenko, S. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Chi, C. Y. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Chiba, J. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) ; Chiu, M. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Choi, I. J. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Choi, J. B. (Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea) ; Choi, S. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) ; Choudhury, R. K. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 400 085, India) ; Christiansen, P. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Chujo, T. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Chung, P. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Churyn, A. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Chvala, O. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Cianciolo, V. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Citron, Z. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Cleven, C. R. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Cobigo, Y. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Cole, B. A. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Comets, M. P. (IPN-Orsay, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, BP1, F-91406 Orsay, France) ; Conesa del Valle, Z. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Connors, M. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Constantin, P. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Csanád, M. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) ; Csörgő, T. (Eszterházy Károly University, Károly Róbert Campus, H-3200 Gyöngyös, Mátrai út 36, Hungary) (Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Wigner RCP, RMKI) H-1525 Budapest 114, POBox 49, Budapest, Hungary) ; Dahms, T. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Dairaku, S. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Danchev, I. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Danley, T. W. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA) ; Das, K. (Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA) ; Datta, A. (Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-9337, USA) ; Daugherity, M. S. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; David, G. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Dayananda, M. K. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Deaton, M. B. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Dehmelt, K. (Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Delagrange, H. (SUBATECH (Ecole des Mines de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Université de Nantes), BP 20722-44307 Nantes, France) ; Denisov, A. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; d’Enterria, D. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Deshpande, A. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Desmond, E. J. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Dharmawardane, K. V. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Dietzsch, O. (Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física, Caixa Postal 66318, São Paulo CEP05315-970, Brazil) ; Ding, L. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Dion, A. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Do, J. H. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Donadelli, M. (Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física, Caixa Postal 66318, São Paulo CEP05315-970, Brazil) ; D’Orazio, L. (University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA) ; Drachenberg, J. L. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Drapier, O. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Drees, A. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Drees, K. A. (Collider-Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Dubey, A. K. (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Durham, J. M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Durum, A. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Dutta, D. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 400 085, India) ; Dzhordzhadze, V. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Edwards, S. (Collider-Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA) ; Efremenko, Y. V. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Egdemir, J. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Ellinghaus, F. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Emam, W. S. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Engelmore, T. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Enokizono, A. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Physics Department, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan) ; En’yo, H. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Espagnon, B. (IPN-Orsay, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, BP1, F-91406 Orsay, France) ; Esumi, S. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Eyser, K. O. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Fadem, B. (Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18104-5586, USA) ; Fan, W. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Feege, N. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Fields, D. E. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Finger, M. (Charles University, Ovocný trh 5, Praha 1, 116 36 Prague, Czech Republic) (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Finger, M. (Charles University, Ovocný trh 5, Praha 1, 116 36 Prague, Czech Republic) (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Fleuret, F. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Fokin, S. L. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; Forestier, B. (LPC, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS-IN2P3, Clermont-Fd, 63177 Aubiere Cedex, France) ; Fraenkel, Z. (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Frantz, J. E. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Franz, A. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Frawley, A. D. (Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA) ; Fujiwara, K. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Fukao, Y. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Fung, S.Y. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Fusayasu, T. (Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki 851-0193, Japan) ; Gadrat, S. (LPC, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS-IN2P3, Clermont-Fd, 63177 Aubiere Cedex, France) ; Gainey, K. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Gal, C. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Gallus, P. (Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic) ; Garg, P. (Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Garishvili, A. (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Garishvili, I. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Gastineau, F. (SUBATECH (Ecole des Mines de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Université de Nantes), BP 20722-44307 Nantes, France) ; Ge, H. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Germain, M. (SUBATECH (Ecole des Mines de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Université de Nantes), BP 20722-44307 Nantes, France) ; Glenn, A. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Gong, H. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Gong, X. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Gonin, M. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Gosset, J. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Goto, Y. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Granier de Cassagnac, R. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Grau, N. (Department of Physics, Augustana University, Sioux Falls, South Dakota 57197, USA) (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Greene, S. V. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Grim, G. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Grosse Perdekamp, M. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Gunji, T. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Guo, L. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Gustafsson, H.-Å. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Hachiya, T. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (Nara Women’s University, Kita-uoya Nishi-machi, Nara 630-8506, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Hadj Henni, A. (SUBATECH (Ecole des Mines de Nantes, CNRS-IN2P3, Université de Nantes), BP 20722-44307 Nantes, France) ; Haegemann, C. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) ; Haggerty, J. S. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Hagiwara, M. N. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Hahn, K. I. (Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea) ; Hamagaki, H. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Hamblen, J. (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Han, R. (Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China) ; Hanks, J. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Harada, H. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Hartouni, E. P. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) ; Haruna, K. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Harvey, M. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Hasegawa, S. (Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan) ; Haseler, T. O. S. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Hashimoto, K. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Physics Department, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan) ; Haslum, E. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Hasuko, K. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Hayano, R. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; He, X. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Heffner, M. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) ; Hemmick, T. K. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Hester, T. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Heuser, J. M. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Hiejima, H. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Hill, J. C. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Hill, K. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Hobbs, R. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) ; Hodges, A. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Hohlmann, M. (Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901, USA) ; Hollis, R. S. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Holmes, M. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Holzmann, W. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Homma, K. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Hong, B. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Horaguchi, T. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Hori, Y. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Hornback, D. (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Hotvedt, N. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Huang, J. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Huang, S. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Hur, M. G. (KAERI, Cyclotron Application Laboratory, Seoul 34057, Korea) ; Ichihara, T. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Ichimiya, R. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Iinuma, H. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Ikeda, Y. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Imai, K. (Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan) (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Imrek, J. (Debrecen University, H-4010 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary) ; Inaba, M. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Inoue, Y. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Physics Department, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan) ; Iordanova, A. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Isenhower, D. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Isenhower, L. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Ishihara, M. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Isobe, T. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Issah, M. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Isupov, A. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Ivanishchev, D. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Iwanaga, Y. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Jacak, B. V. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Javani, M. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Ji, Z. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Jia, J. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Jiang, X. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Jin, J. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Jinnouchi, O. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Johnson, B. M. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Jones, T. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Joo, K. S. (Myongji University, Yongin, Kyonggido 449-728, Korea) ; Jouan, D. (IPN-Orsay, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, BP1, F-91406 Orsay, France) ; Jumper, D. S. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Kajihara, F. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Kametani, S. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Waseda University, Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan) ; Kamihara, N. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) ; Kamin, J. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Kaneta, M. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Kaneti, S. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Kang, B. H. (Hanyang University, Seoul 133-792, Korea) ; Kang, J. H. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Kang, J. S. (Hanyang University, Seoul 133-792, Korea) ; Kanou, H. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) ; Kapustinsky, J. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Karatsu, K. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Kasai, M. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Physics Department, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan) ; Kawagishi, T. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Kawall, D. (Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-9337, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Kawashima, M. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Physics Department, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan) ; Kazantsev, A. V. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; Kelly, S. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Kempel, T. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Khachatryan, V. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Khanzadeev, A. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Kijima, K. M. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Kikuchi, J. (Waseda University, Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan) ; Kim, A. (Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea) ; Kim, B. I. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Kim, C. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Kim, D. H. (Myongji University, Yongin, Kyonggido 449-728, Korea) ; Kim, D. J. (Helsinki Institute of Physics and University of Jyväskylä, P.O.Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland) (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Kim, E. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) ; Kim, E.J. (Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea) ; Kim, H. J. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Kim, K.B. (Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea) ; Kim, M. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) ; Kim, S. H. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Kim, Y.J. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Kim, Y. K. (Hanyang University, Seoul 133-792, Korea) ; Kim, Y.S. (KAERI, Cyclotron Application Laboratory, Seoul 34057, Korea) ; Kincses, D. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) ; Kinney, E. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Kiriluk, K. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Kiss, Á. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) ; Kistenev, E. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Kiyomichi, A. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Klatsky, J. (Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA) ; Klay, J. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) ; Klein-Boesing, C. (Institut für Kernphysik, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany) ; Kleinjan, D. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Kline, P. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Kochenda, L. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Kochetkov, V. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Komatsu, Y. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) ; Komkov, B. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Konno, M. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Koster, J. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Kotchetkov, D. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA) ; Kotov, D. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia) ; Kozlov, A. (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Král, A. (Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic) ; Kravitz, A. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Krizek, F. (Helsinki Institute of Physics and University of Jyväskylä, P.O.Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland) ; Kroon, P. J. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Kubart, J. (Charles University, Ovocný trh 5, Praha 1, 116 36 Prague, Czech Republic) (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic) ; Kunde, G. J. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Kurgyis, B. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) ; Kurihara, N. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Kurita, K. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Physics Department, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan) ; Kurosawa, M. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Kweon, M. J. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Kwon, Y. (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Kyle, G. S. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Lacey, R. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Lai, Y. S. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Lajoie, J. G. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Layton, D. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Lebedev, A. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Le Bornec, Y. (IPN-Orsay, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, BP1, F-91406 Orsay, France) ; Leckey, S. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Lee, B. (Hanyang University, Seoul 133-792, Korea) ; Lee, D. M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Lee, J. (Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea) (Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea) ; Lee, K. B. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Lee, K. S. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Lee, M. K. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Lee, S. H. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Lee, S. R. (Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 561-756, Korea) ; Lee, T. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) ; Leitch, M. J. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Leite, M. A. L. (Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física, Caixa Postal 66318, São Paulo CEP05315-970, Brazil) ; Leitgab, M. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Lenzi, B. (Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física, Caixa Postal 66318, São Paulo CEP05315-970, Brazil) ; Leung, Y. H. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Lewis, B. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Lewis, N. A. (Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1040, USA) ; Li, X. (Science and Technology on Nuclear Data Laboratory, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, People’s Republic of China) ; Li, X. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Li, X. H. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Lichtenwalner, P. (Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18104-5586, USA) ; Liebing, P. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Lim, H. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) ; Lim, S. H. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Linden Levy, L. A. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Liška, T. (Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic) ; Litvinenko, A. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Liu, H. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Liu, M. X. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Lökös, S. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) (Eszterházy Károly University, Károly Róbert Campus, H-3200 Gyöngyös, Mátrai út 36, Hungary) ; Love, B. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Lynch, D. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Maguire, C. F. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Majoros, T. (Debrecen University, H-4010 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary) ; Makdisi, Y. I. (Collider-Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Makek, M. (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Bijenička c. 32, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia) ; Malakhov, A. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Malik, M. D. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) ; Manion, A. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Manko, V. I. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; Mannel, E. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Mao, Y. (Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Mašek, L. (Charles University, Ovocný trh 5, Praha 1, 116 36 Prague, Czech Republic) (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic) ; Masui, H. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Masumoto, S. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) ; Matathias, F. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; McCain, M. C. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; McCumber, M. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; McGaughey, P. L. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; McGlinchey, D. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) (Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA) (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; McKinney, C. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Means, N. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Mendoza, M. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Meredith, B. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Miake, Y. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Mibe, T. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) ; Mignerey, A. C. (University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA) ; Mihalik, D. E. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Mikeš, P. (Charles University, Ovocný trh 5, Praha 1, 116 36 Prague, Czech Republic) (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic) ; Miki, K. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Miller, T. E. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Milov, A. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Mioduszewski, S. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Mishra, D. K. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 400 085, India) ; Mishra, G. C. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Mishra, M. (Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India) ; Mitchell, J. T. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Mitrovski, M. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Mitsuka, G. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Miyachi, Y. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) ; Miyasaka, S. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) ; Mohanty, A. K. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 400 085, India) ; Mohapatra, S. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Moon, H. J. (Myongji University, Yongin, Kyonggido 449-728, Korea) ; Moon, T. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Morino, Y. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Morreale, A. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Morrison, D. P. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Morrow, S. I. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Moss, J. M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Motschwiller, S. (Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18104-5586, USA) ; Moukhanova, T. V. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; Mukhopadhyay, D. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Murakami, T. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Murata, J. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Physics Department, Rikkyo University, 3-34-1 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171-8501, Japan) ; Mwai, A. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Nagae, T. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) ; Nagamiya, S. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Nagashima, K. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Nagata, Y. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Nagle, J. L. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Naglis, M. (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Nagy, M. I. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) (Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Wigner RCP, RMKI) H-1525 Budapest 114, POBox 49, Budapest, Hungary) ; Nakagawa, I. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Nakamiya, Y. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Nakamura, K. R. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Nakamura, T. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Nakano, K. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) ; Nam, S. (Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea) ; Nattrass, C. (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Nederlof, A. (Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18104-5586, USA) ; Newby, J. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) ; Nguyen, M. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Nihashi, M. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Niida, T. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Norman, B. E. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Nouicer, R. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Novák, T. (Eszterházy Károly University, Károly Róbert Campus, H-3200 Gyöngyös, Mátrai út 36, Hungary) ; Novitzky, N. (Helsinki Institute of Physics and University of Jyväskylä, P.O.Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Nyanin, A. S. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; Nystrand, J. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Oakley, C. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; O’Brien, E. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Oda, S. X. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Ogilvie, C. A. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Ohnishi, H. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Ojha, I. D. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Oka, M. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Okada, K. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Omiwade, O. O. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Onuki, Y. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Orjuela Koop, J. D. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Osborn, J. D. (Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1040, USA) ; Oskarsson, A. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Otterlund, I. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Ouchida, M. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Ozawa, K. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Pak, R. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Pal, D. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Palounek, A. P. T. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Pantuev, V. (Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt 60-letiya Oktyabrya 7a, Moscow 117312, Russia) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Papavassiliou, V. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Park, B. H. (Hanyang University, Seoul 133-792, Korea) ; Park, I. H. (Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, Korea) (Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea) ; Park, J. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) ; Park, S. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Park, S. K. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Park, W. J. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Pate, S. F. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Patel, L. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Patel, M. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Pei, H. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Peng, J.C. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Peng, W. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Pereira, H. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Perepelitsa, D. V. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Peresedov, V. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Peressounko, D. Yu. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; PerezLara, C. E. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Petti, R. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Pinkenburg, C. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Pisani, R. P. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Proissl, M. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Purschke, M. L. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Purwar, A. K. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Qu, H. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Radzevich, P. V. (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia) ; Rak, J. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (Helsinki Institute of Physics and University of Jyväskylä, P.O.Box 35, FI-40014 Jyväskylä, Finland) (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) ; Rakotozafindrabe, A. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Ravinovich, I. (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Read, K. F. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Rembeczki, S. (Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida 32901, USA) ; Reuter, M. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Reygers, K. (Institut für Kernphysik, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany) ; Reynolds, D. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Riabov, V. (National Research Nuclear University, MEPhI, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow 115409, Russia) (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Riabov, Y. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia) ; Richardson, E. (University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA) ; Richford, D. (Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, New York 10010, USA) ; Rinn, T. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Roach, D. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Roche, G. (LPC, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS-IN2P3, Clermont-Fd, 63177 Aubiere Cedex, France) ; Rolnick, S. D. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Romana, A. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Rosati, M. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Rosen, C. A. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Rosendahl, S. S. E. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Rosnet, P. (LPC, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS-IN2P3, Clermont-Fd, 63177 Aubiere Cedex, France) ; Rowan, Z. (Baruch College, City University of New York, New York, New York 10010, USA) ; Rukoyatkin, P. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Runchey, J. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Ružička, P. (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic) ; Rykov, V. L. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Ryu, S. S. (Yonsei University, IPAP, Seoul 120-749, Korea) ; Sahlmueller, B. (Institut für Kernphysik, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Saito, N. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Sakaguchi, T. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (Waseda University, Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan) ; Sakai, S. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Sakashita, K. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) ; Sakata, H. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Sako, H. (Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan) ; Samsonov, V. (National Research Nuclear University, MEPhI, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow 115409, Russia) (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Sano, M. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Sano, S. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (Waseda University, Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan) ; Sarsour, M. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Sato, H. D. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Sato, S. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan) (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Sato, T. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Sawada, S. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) ; Schmoll, B. K. (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Sedgwick, K. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Seele, J. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) ; Seidl, R. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Semenov, A. Yu. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Semenov, V. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) (Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt 60-letiya Oktyabrya 7a, Moscow 117312, Russia) ; Sen, A. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Seto, R. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Sharma, D. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Shea, T. K. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Shein, I. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Shevel, A. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Shibata, T.A. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Oh-okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551, Japan) ; Shigaki, K. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Shimomura, M. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (Nara Women’s University, Kita-uoya Nishi-machi, Nara 630-8506, Japan) (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Shohjoh, T. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Shoji, K. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Shukla, P. (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay 400 085, India) ; Sickles, A. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Silva, C. L. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física, Caixa Postal 66318, São Paulo CEP05315-970, Brazil) ; Silvermyr, D. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Silvestre, C. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Sim, K. S. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; Singh, B. K. (Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India) ; Singh, C. P. (Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India) ; Singh, V. (Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India) ; Skoby, M. J. (Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1040, USA) ; Skutnik, S. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Slunečka, M. (Charles University, Ovocný trh 5, Praha 1, 116 36 Prague, Czech Republic) (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Smith, W. C. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Soldatov, A. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Soltz, R. A. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550, USA) ; Sondheim, W. E. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Sorensen, S. P. (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA) ; Sourikova, I. V. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Staley, F. (Dapnia, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France) ; Stankus, P. W. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Stenlund, E. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Stepanov, M. (Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-9337, USA) (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Ster, A. (Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Wigner RCP, RMKI) H-1525 Budapest 114, POBox 49, Budapest, Hungary) ; Stoll, S. P. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Sugitate, T. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Suire, C. (IPN-Orsay, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, BP1, F-91406 Orsay, France) ; Sukhanov, A. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Sullivan, J. P. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Sun, J. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Sun, Z. (Debrecen University, H-4010 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary) ; Sziklai, J. (Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Wigner RCP, RMKI) H-1525 Budapest 114, POBox 49, Budapest, Hungary) ; Tabaru, T. (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Takagi, S. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Takagui, E. M. (Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física, Caixa Postal 66318, São Paulo CEP05315-970, Brazil) ; Takahara, A. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Taketani, A. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Tanabe, R. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Tanaka, K. H. (KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan) ; Tanaka, Y. (Nagasaki Institute of Applied Science, Nagasaki-shi, Nagasaki 851-0193, Japan) ; Taneja, S. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Tanida, K. (Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata Shirane, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan) (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea) ; Tannenbaum, M. J. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Tarafdar, S. (Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India) (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Taranenko, A. (National Research Nuclear University, MEPhI, Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow 115409, Russia) (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Tarján, P. (Debrecen University, H-4010 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary) ; Tennant, E. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Themann, H. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Thomas, D. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Thomas, T. L. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) ; Tieulent, R. (IPNL, CNRS/IN2P3, Univ Lyon, Universit Lyon 1, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France) ; Todoroki, T. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Togawa, M. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Toia, A. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Tojo, J. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Tomášek, L. (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic) ; Tomášek, M. (Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic) (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic) ; Tomita, Y. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Torii, H. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Towell, R. S. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Tram, V-N. (Laboratoire Leprince-Ringuet, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS-IN2P3, Route de Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau, France) ; Tserruya, I. (Weizmann Institute, Rehovot 76100, Israel) ; Tsuchimoto, Y. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Tsuji, T. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Tuli, S. K. (Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India) ; Tydesjö, H. (Department of Physics, Lund University, Box 118, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden) ; Tyurin, N. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Ueda, Y. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Ujvari, B. (Debrecen University, H-4010 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary) ; Vale, C. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) ; Valle, H. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; van Hecke, H. W. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) ; Vargyas, M. (ELTE, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1117 Budapest, Pázmány P. s. 1/A, Hungary) (Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Wigner RCP, RMKI) H-1525 Budapest 114, POBox 49, Budapest, Hungary) ; Vazquez-Zambrano, E. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Veicht, A. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Velkovska, J. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Vértesi, R. (Debrecen University, H-4010 Debrecen, Egyetem tér 1, Hungary) (Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Wigner RCP, RMKI) H-1525 Budapest 114, POBox 49, Budapest, Hungary) ; Vinogradov, A. A. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; Virius, M. (Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic) ; Vossen, A. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Vrba, V. (Czech Technical University, Zikova 4, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic) (Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic) ; Vznuzdaev, E. (PNPI, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300, Leningrad region, Russia) ; Wagner, M. (Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) ; Walker, D. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) ; Wang, X. R. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Watanabe, D. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Watanabe, K. (Tomonaga Center for the History of the Universe, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan) ; Watanabe, Y. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Watanabe, Y. S. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) ; Wei, F. (Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA) (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Wei, R. (Chemistry Department, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, USA) ; Wessels, J. (Institut für Kernphysik, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany) ; White, S. N. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Willis, N. (IPN-Orsay, Université Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, BP1, F-91406 Orsay, France) ; Winter, D. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Wolin, S. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Wong, C. P. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Woody, C. L. (Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Wright, R. M. (Abilene Christian University, Abilene, Texas 79699, USA) ; Wysocki, M. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA) (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Xia, B. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701, USA) ; Xie, W. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Xu, C. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Xu, Q. (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA) ; Yamaguchi, Y. L. (Center for Nuclear Study, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan) (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800, USA) (Waseda University, Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, 17 Kikui-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-0044, Japan) ; Yamaura, K. (Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526, Japan) ; Yang, R. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA) ; Yanovich, A. (IHEP Protvino, State Research Center of Russian Federation, Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142281, Russia) ; Yasin, Z. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA) ; Ying, J. (Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, USA) ; Yokkaichi, S. (RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan) (RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Yoo, J. H. (Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea) ; You, Z. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545, USA) (Peking University, Beijing 100871, People’s Republic of China) ; Young, G. R. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Younus, I. (Physics Department, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore 54792, Pakistan) (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA) ; Yu, H. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA) ; Yushmanov, I. E. (National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow 123098, Russia) ; Zajc, W. A. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) ; Zaudtke, O. (Institut für Kernphysik, University of Münster, D-48149 Münster, Germany) ; Zelenski, A. (Collider-Accelerator Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA) ; Zhang, C. (Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA and Nevis Laboratories, Irvington, New York 10533, USA) (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA) ; Zharko, S. (Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg 195251, Russia) ; Zhou, S. (Science and Technology on Nuclear Data Laboratory, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, People’s Republic of China) ; Zimamyi, J. (Institute for Particle and Nuclear Physics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Wigner RCP, RMKI) H-1525 Budapest 114, POBox 49, Budapest, Hungary) ; Zolin, L. (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region, Russia) ; Zou, L. (University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California 92521, USA)

10 July 2019

Abstract: The PHENIX collaboration presents first measurements of low-momentum (0.4<pT<3 GeV/c) direct-photon yields from Au+Au collisions at sNN=39 and 62.4 GeV. For both beam energies the direct-photon yields are substantially enhanced with respect to expectations from prompt processes, similar to the yields observed in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200. Analyzing the photon yield as a function of the experimental observable dNch/dη reveals that the low-momentum (>1 GeV/c) direct-photon yield dNγdir/dη is a smooth function of dNch/dη and can be well described as proportional to (dNch/dη)α with α1.25. This scaling behavior holds for a wide range of beam energies at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and the Large Hadron Collider, for centrality selected samples, as well as for different A+A collision systems. At a given beam energy, the scaling also holds for high pT (>5 GeV/c), but when results from different collision energies are compared, an additional sNN-dependent multiplicative factor is needed to describe the integrated-direct-photon yield.


Published in: Physical Review Letters 123 (2019)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.022301
License: CC-BY-4.0



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