Current and future perspectives of positronium and muonium spectroscopy as dark sectors probe

Frugiuele, Claudia (Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel) ; Pérez-Ríos, Jesús (Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, D-14195 Berlin, Germany) ; Peset, Clara (Physik Department T31, James-Franck-Straße 1, Technische Universität München, 85748 Garching, Germany)

10 July 2019

Abstract: Positronium and muonium are purely leptonic atoms and hence free of an internal substructure. This qualifies them as potentially well suited systems to probe the existence of physics beyond the Standard Model. We hence carry out a comprehensive study of the sensitivity of current positronium and muonium precision spectroscopy to several new physics scenarios. By taking properly into account existing experimental and astrophysical probes, we define clear experimental targets to probe new physics via precise spectroscopy. For positronium we find that, in order for the spectroscopy bounds to reach a sensitivity comparable to the electron gyromagnetic factor, an improvement of roughly five orders of magnitude from state-of-the-art precision is required, which would be a challenge based on current technology. More promising is instead the potential reach of muonium spectroscopy: in the next few years experiments like Mu-MASS at PSI will probe new regions of the parameter space testing the existence of medium/short range (MeV and above) spin-dependent and spin-independent dark forces between electrons and muons.

Published in: Physical Review D 100 (2019)
Published by: APS
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.015010
License: CC-BY-4.0

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