Initiating the Effective Unification of Black Hole Horizon Area and Entropy Quantization with Quasi-Normal Modes

Corda, C. (Dipartimento di Fisica e Chimica, Scuola Superiore Internazionale di Studi Universitari e Ricerca “Santa Rita”, Centro di Scienze Naturali, Via di Galceti 74, 59100 Prato, Italy) (Institute for Theoretical Physics and Advanced Mathematics Einstein-Galilei (IFM), Via Santa Gonda 14, 59100 Prato, Italy) (International Institute for Applicable Mathematics & Information Sciences (IIAMIS), B.M. Birla Science Centre, Adarsh Nagar, Hyderabad 500463, India) ; Hendi, S. H. (Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran) (Research Institute for Astrophysics and Astronomy of Maragha (RIAAM), P.O. Box 55134-441, Maragha, Iran) ; Katebi, R. (Department of Physics, California State University Fullerton, 800 North State College Boulevard, Fullerton, CA 92831, USA) ; Schmidt, N. O. (Department of Mathematics, Boise State University, 1910 University Drive, Boise, ID 83725, USA)

19 August 2014

Abstract: Black hole (BH) area quantization may be the key to unlocking a unifying theory of quantum gravity (QG). Surmounting evidence in the field of BH research continues to support a horizon (surface) area with a discrete and uniformly spaced spectrum, but there is still no general agreement on the level spacing. In the specialized and important BH case study, our objective is to report and examine the pertinent groundbreaking work of the strictly thermal and nonstrictly thermal spectrum level spacing of the BH horizon area quantization with included entropy calculations, which aims to tackle this gigantic problem. In particular, such work exemplifies a series of imperative corrections that eventually permits a BH’s horizon area spectrum to be generalized from strictly thermal to nonstrictly thermal with entropy results, thereby capturing multiple preceding developments by launching an effective unification between them. Moreover, the results are significant because quasi-normal modes (QNM) and “effective states” characterize the transitions between the established levels of the nonstrictly thermal spectrum.

Published in: Advances in High Energy Physics 2014 (2014) 530547
Published by: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
DOI: 10.1155/2014/530547
License: CC-BY-3.0

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