1.

Emergent cosmos in Einstein–Cartan theory
/ Hadi, H. ; Heydarzade, Y. ; Hashemi, M. ; Darabi, F.
Based on Padmanabhan’s proposal, the accelerated expansion of the universe can be driven by the difference between the surface and bulk degrees of freedom in a region of space, described by the relation dV/dt=NsurNbulk where Nsur and Nbulk=Nem+Nde are the degrees of freedom assigned to the surface area and the matter–energy content inside the bulk such that the indices “em” and “de” represent energymomentum and dark energy, respectively. [...]
Published in EPJC 78 (2018) 38
10.1140/epjc/s1005201754941
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2.

Braneworld black holes and entropy bounds
/ Heydarzade, Y. ; Hadi, H. ; Corda, C. ; Darabi, F.
The Bousso's D bound entropy for the various possible black hole solutions on a 4dimensional brane is checked. [...]
Published in Physics letters B (2017)
10.1016/j.physletb.2017.11.061
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3.

Emergent universe in the braneworld scenario
/ Heydarzade, Y. ; Hadi, H. ; Darabi, F. ; Sheykhi, A.
According to Padmanabhan’s proposal, the difference between the surface degrees of freedom and the bulk degrees of freedom in a region of space may result in the acceleration of Universe expansion through the relation ΔV/Δt=NsurNbulk where Nbulk and Nsur are referred to the degrees of freedom related to the matter and energy content inside the bulk and surface area, respectively (Padmanabhan, arXiv:1206.4916v1 , 2012 ). [...]
Published in EPJC 76 (2016) 323
10.1140/epjc/s1005201641621
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